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M

Medal - private or government issue to honor, award or commemorate a person, acheivement or event. Typically made of metal.
Military Payment Certificate - official paper money issued to military personnel, stationed in foreign countries to be used with local merchants.
MPC - a numismatic reference. See Military Payment Certificate.

N

New - a numismatic reference. A grade to describe paper money that is in uncirculated condition; without flaws.
Ni - chemical symbol for nickel
Nickel - a. a hard white, base metal. Often used as an alloy to give products a measure of hardness. b. Slang for a US 5 cent coin.
Numismatic - the study or act of collecting coins, paper money, and medals.
Numismatist - a person who engages in the study or act of collecting coins, paper money and medals.

Obsolete - a numismatic reference. No longer accepted as legal tender. See Demonetized.
Obverse - a numismatic reference. The front or 'heads' of a coin.
Occupation Money - currency issued by the occupying power of a conquered country.
Outmoded - legal tender that is officially withdrawn from circulation and no longer accepted in trade. It is redeemable at the central banks for a finite period of time; at the end of which, it is demonetized.
Overprint - a numismatic reference. An ancillary printing on paper money to indicate a change; including but not limited to cancellation or revaluation.

P

P - a numismatic reference. Along with an alphanumeric moniker is a reference number derived from 'The Standard Catalog of World Paper Money', by Albert Pick. It annotates a country's paper money by type, series and variety.
Palladium - a hard greyish-white metal that is the least dense and has the lowest melting point of the platinum group metals. Used primarily in industial applications and jewelry. Other uses are coins and bullion bars. A precious metal. 
Pb - chemical symbol for lead.
Pd - chemical symbol for palladium.
Pennyweight - a unit of measure equal to 1/20th of a troy ounce. See Dwt.
Pique - a gem reference. Internal debris and inclusions visible with the naked eye. See Grading Diamonds.
Pits, (ted), (ting) - a numismatic reference. Asymmetical intentations in the surface of a coin or medal. Atypical of corrosion that has subsequently been removed through cleaning. Non-typical instances are of poorly prepared planchets or dies.
Planchet - a blank metal disk to be stamped as a coin or medal.
Platinum - a very hard, white metal used in making jewelry, coins, bullion bars and in industrial applications. A precious metal.
POW Money - private issued notes and tokens used for barter or exchange exclusively within POW camps. No official legal tender status.
Prison Tokens - private issued tokens used for barter or exchange exclusively within a penal system. Usually made of some form of plastic.
Proof - a numismatic reference.
  • Coins and Medals - a special striking process for collector coins or presentation pieces. Both the die and planchet undergo special polish and striking techniques to create a unique finish. The finish is typically, but not limited to, a mirror-like surface. 
  • Paper - the full or partial printing of a note or document . Its purpose is the final check for errors before authorizing a general issuance.
Propaganda Notes - usually a facsimile (copy) of a legal tender note printed with a propaganda message for distribution.
PS - a numismatic reference. Along with an alphanumeric moniker is a reference number derived from 'The Catalog of World Paper Money, Specialized Issues ', by Albert Pick. It annotates a country's specialized (i.e. revolutionary issues, etc.) paper money by type, series and variety.
Pt - chemical symbol for platinum.